Category: Architecture

THE EFFECT OF REINFORCED CONCRETE ON SAFETY OF RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN NIGERIA

THE EFFECT OF REINFORCED CONCRETE ON SAFETY OF RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN NIGERIA CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Residential Building:  This is defined as the building which sleeping accommodation is provided for normal residential purposes. It is provided with or without cooking or dining or both facilities. Residential building includes one or two story or multi-family dwelling, lodging […]

THE EFFECT OF REINFORCED CONCRETE ON SAFETY OF RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS

THE EFFECT OF REINFORCED CONCRETE ON SAFETY OF RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN NIGERIA CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Residential Building:  This is defined as the building which sleeping accommodation is provided for normal residential purposes. It is provided with or without cooking or dining or both facilities. Residential building includes one or two story or multi-family dwelling, lodging […]

Comparison Of Locally Excavated Sand With River Sand In Terms Of Strength In Sandcrete Blocks

Comparison Of Locally Excavated Sand With River Sand In Terms Of Strength In Sandcrete Blocks CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION This research work means to determine the different properties of sandcastle blocks moulded with a locally excavated sand, in terms of compressive strength, durability and cost and economic importance, and that of River Sand.  And after, compare […]

HOUSING FINANCE IN NIGERIA: ISSUES AND SOLUTIONS

HOUSING FINANCE IN NIGERIA: ISSUES AND SOLUTIONS CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY Housing has been universally recognized as one of the most essential necessities of human life and is a major economic asset in every nation. Adequate housing provides the foundation for stable communities and social inclusion (Oladapo, 2006). Gilbertson et al. […]

Infrastructural Development, Real Estate Agency Re Branding And Review Of National Housing Policy

Infrastructural Development, Real Estate Agency Re Branding And Review Of National Housing Policy CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY With a population of about 173 million people, Nigeria is the largest country in Africa and accounts for 47% of West Africa’s population. Given these large reserves of human and natural resources, the country has significant potential […]

DISASTER MANAGEMENT CENTRE PORT-HARCOURT

DISASTER MANAGEMENT CENTRE PORT-HARCOURT CHAPTERONE 1.1BACKGROUNDTOTHESTUDY THE NEED FOR A DISASTER MANAGEMENT CENTRE Disaster means a progressive or sudden, widespread or localised, natural or human caused occurrence which causes or threatens to cause; Death, injury or disease, Damage to property, infrastructure or the environment, Disruption of the life of a community; and is of the magnitude that exceeds the ability of those affected by the disaster to cope with its effect using only their own resources. A disaster management centre is needed to: Toimplementan integrated and coordinate disaster management policy that focuses on preventing or reducing the risk disasters, mitigating the severity of disasters, emergency preparedness, rapid and effective response to disasters and post disaster recovery. Topreparethe document that will identify risks, assess risks, risk response development and risk response control. Thepurposeof centre is to outline policy and procedures for both proactive disaster prevention and the re-active disaster response and mitigation phases. The disaster management centre functions are as follows: Mustspecialise in issues concerning disasters within Rivers State. Actas a repository and conduit for information concerning disasters. Mustperformit functions and exercise powers as stipulated section 44 of the Disaster Management Act, 57 of 2002. Mustliaise and co-ordinate its activities with those of National, State Management centres. 16 1.2STATEMENTOFARCHITECTURALPROBLEMS Architecture is an abstraction from nature and intuition with possibilities of aesthetic accompaniments for overall ambient satisfaction (Fashuyi, 2004). Nevertheless, this ideological perception must graft with sensitive issues bordering on culture, economy before Architecture can become acceptable in its right values. However, Architectural Education in Nigeria as presently structured is not responsive to her socio- economic environment. In fact, it is more suited to problems of urban environment of prosperous economies having nothing in common with the cultural and economic features of the country (Adesina, 1987). Architectural Education in Nigeria was inherited from the Beaux-Art concept of Western educational philosophy through the colonial mentors. This tendency is to provide aesthetically satisfying buildings, irrespective of function. The design of the Disaster Management Centre will take into cognisance proper functional relationship between each section of the building to another; the site is located at an area that can be easily accessible from various parts of the state, helicopters are also available to ease rescue in parts of the states that cannot be easily assessable by land, the structure is responsive to the socio-economic environment in the state, the structure is aesthetically satisfying, the structure conforms to the building codes and zoning. Therefore architectural problems of the Disaster Management Centre Are as follows: Theintegration of architectural purpose, site, suitable spaces, technical systems and materials. Inadequateventilation and natural lightening Primaryand secondary circulation in and around the site. 17 1.3MOTIVATION Disaster Management is an enormous task. Disasters are not confined to any particular location; neither do they disappear as quickly as they appear. Therefore, it is imperative that there is proper management to optimize efficiency of planning and response. Due to limited resources, collaborative efforts at the governmental, private and community levels are necessary. This level of collaboration requires a coordinated and organized effort to mitigate against, prepare for, respond to, and recover from emergencies and their effects in the shortest possible time. The motivation of this project steams from: Theabsolute necessity for such a project: Over the years, lives have been lost in natural and man-made disaster primarily due to absence of a disaster management centre or slow response of rescue team. Thewealth of knowledge, which the project adds to existing information on architectural building types. Thesenseof comfort and security inspired by the project, being from the riverine area in the Niger Delta region where the terrain is difficult and inter-city transport is mostly done by boat, the potential for boat mishaps is rather high. Toreduce subsequent insurance claims and compensation on government and insurance companies. Thepassion to create an avenue that will aid for relief to all disaster victims. Tocreate awareness for the need of disaster management. 18 […]